If you have swollen, or bleeding gums, this can be a sign of gingivitis. Gingivitis is gum disease which is a milder form of gum disease. If left untreated can cause other dental issues.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 19% of the population is severely affected by gingivitis. Most adults show signs of gum disease. The National Institute Of Dental and Craniofacial Research studies shows 2 in 5 adults in the United States are affected by some form of this disease. Research has also shown evidence of gum diseases linked to overall health. Bacteria in inflamed gums can enter the system and causes inflammation in the heart and other organs.
What is gum disease?
When bacteria enter the mouth and stay there for a longer time, they form plaque. Plaque is a thin film of bacteria. It constantly forms on the surface of the tooth. As plaque advances, it hardens to form calculus. You can develop a gum infection when plaque extends below the gum line. Further, causes receding of the gums, bone loss, and loosening of the tooth.
What are the symptoms of gum disease?
- Gums affected by plaque formation causes:
- Gums that bleed during and after brushing
- Red swollen gums
- Painful chewing
- Sensitive teeth
- Persistent bad breath
- Receding gums
- Loose or shifting teeth
- Dry mouth
What are the causes of gum diseases?
Plaque is one of the major causative factors. But other factors like:
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause
- Vitamin C deficiency
- Poor oral hygiene habits
- Family history of dental disease
- Smoking alcohol
- Wisdom tooth eruption
- Fungal infection
The goal of treatment is to promote the reattachment of healthy gums to teeth and reduce swelling and the risk of infection. If the gum disease is in the early stage, scaling, root planning, and medication will help. But if it has advanced, then flap surgery and soft tissue grafts need to be done.
Treatment depends on the stages of the disease and overall health.
- Use of soft bristle
- Replace your brush every 3 months
- Stop smoking
- Floss daily
- Reduce stress
- Maintain a balanced diet
- Visit your dentist every 6 months for regular dental cleaning and removal of plaque build-up on your teeth.
The sooner you seek care, the better your chances of reversing damage from gingivitis.
Dr. Dalal is experienced and committed to providing the best personalized, cost-effective treatment.